Tara

Tara is located in the western part of Serbia, belongs to the inner belt of the Dinarides and covers an area of ​​183km2. Tara is 50km long and 22km wide and has an average altitude of 1200m. The highest peak is Kozji rid, which is 1591m high. It belongs to a group of Podrinje mountains and has a complex geological history and diverse petrographic structure.

The position of the mountain Tara is considered to be a favorable condition for tourism development, because it offers a diversity of tourist facilities and a large number of tourist sites to visit.  Richness and variety of flora and fauna, well-preserved natural environment, suitable facilities for winter sports, enjoyable climate, the Drina artificial lakes Zaovine and Perućac, give this mountain a great tourist value, which makes it competitive with Zlatibor and other mountains. Tara has a favorable position in relation to complementary tourist values ​​in the immediate vicinity: Užice, Mokra Gora, Višegrad with numerous cultural and historical monuments, which attract excursions of tourists stationed at Tara, in order to meet their educational and cultural needs, a richer content and a pleasant stay. Tara has excellent preconditions for sustainable tourism, with minimal impact on the environment and cultural heritage, but at the same time significant opportunities for economic development of the local community.

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Mountain Tara is a typical forest area, one of the richest and most valuable ones in Europe, with preserved diversity of forest ecosystems, many of which are relict. Tara is filled with mixed forests of spruce, fir and beech and is rather specific compared to other Balkan mountains, due to a large number of relict and endemic forest species and communities.

One of the most special and valuable specimens of endemic and relict species is Serbian spruce (Picea spruce), which managed to survive the last ice age in canyons and gorges of river Drina midstream.

According to the results of previous research, the area of ​​Tara is inhabited by 59 species of mammals, 140 species of birds, 12 species of amphibians, 12 species of reptiles and 19 species of fish. It is home of the largest population of Brown bears in Serbia. The best known species, which is considered to be a symbol of invertebrate fauna of Tara is endemorelict Pančić’s Grasshopper (Pyrgomorphulla serbica).

Throughout the park there are numerous archaeological sites and monuments dating from the Neolithic period to the modern era. The most important are the Rača Monastery, founded by King Dragutin in the 13th century, and one of the most significant centers of Serbian medieval literacy, necropolis with tombstones in Rastište and Perućac, which are nominated for UNESCO-VU world heritage List, within 2011 joint project of Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Montenegro.